activities and teaching, his appointment of the twelve Apostles and his Great Commission of the Apostles, instructing them to continue his work. 305 Renaissance figures such as Raphael, Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Botticelli, Fra Angelico, Tintoretto, Titian, Bernini and Caravaggio are examples of the numerous visual artists sponsored by the church. 219 220 Church teaching calls for a preferential option for the poor while canon law prescribes that "The Christian faithful are also obliged to promote social justice and, mindful of the precept of the Lord, to assist the poor.". 179 Anointing of the sick Main article: Anointing of the Sick in the Catholic Church While chrism is used only for the three sacraments that cannot be repeated, a different oil is used by a priest or bishop. Middle Ages and Renaissance Further information: History of Christianity during the Middle Ages and Christianity in the 16th century Renaissance Church The Catholic Church was the dominant influence on Western civilisation from Late Antiquity to the dawn of the modern age. Though the schism was reconciled, unresolved issues would lead to further division. 202 This is because it is considered the propitiatory sacrifice of Christ himself. 217 Each church has its own liturgical calendar. 'universal was first used to describe the church in the early 2nd century. 127 128 The first persons honored as saints were the martyrs.